Asthma in Children (and Adults)

Asthma is one of the most commonly encountered pediatric conditions. However, it can be a life-threatening condition, so symptoms should not be taken lightly. The physicians at Preferred Medical Group have significant training and expertise with managing asthma in children. We are here to help you and your child!Asthma in Children

What is asthma?

Asthma is an inflammatory condition of the lung, accompanied by bronchoconstriction(narrowing of the airways ).This leads to difficulty in getting the air out of the lungs and when air passes through the narrow airways, a wheezing sound can be heard.

What are the commonly encountered symptoms of asthma ?

Wheezing, Coughing, difficulty breathing, chest tightness.

At what ages is it common?

Asthma is generally diagnosed by age 5 years of age. Asthma in children can be diagnosed earlier based on symptoms and risk factors such as positive family history of asthma, personal history of allergies and eczema, prematurity, chronic lung disease, and RSV bronchiolitis.

What causes asthma?

Asthma is commonly seen in patients with an underlying airway hyper reactivity. Common triggers could be an upper respiratory infection, allergies, active/passive smoking, food allergens, dust mites, molds, cockroaches. Any trigger can bring about an asthma exacerbation. Symptoms can be triggered by exercise for asthma in children.

How to treat asthma?

At Preferred Medical Group, we are able to help your child manage his/her asthma so that symptoms to do not detract from sports, academic performance or daily activities. Asthma management depends upon its onset and severity. Acute asthma exacerbation is treated with steroids and albuterol. If your child is given the albuterol inhaler, it is important to ensure that he/she always keeps it close by in case of an asthma exacerbation episode.

Chronic asthma in children is treated with inhaled steroids and long acting bronchodilators and other agents as necessary along with avoidance of triggers whenever possible. We manage an acute asthma exacerbation and also prevent further asthma attacks by following the current American Academy of Pediatrics/ National Institute of Health guidelines for asthma management.

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